Common Conditions Explained

Joint Dysfunction

The physical activities of daily life (like bending, turning and exercise) require normal range of motion of our vertebrae. A joint that functions normally will have full range of motion and be pain free. A painful joint that has lost its range of motion is a dysfunctional joint.
This condition could be due to swelling or adhesions in the joint, or muscle spasms around the joint.
Some common causes of joint dysfunction are trauma, poor posture, improper body mechanics (lifting), disuse and pre-existing disease (such as arthritis).
Spinal Manipulation is very effective at restoring joint function.


A strain involves an injury to the muscle resulting from overstretching the muscle.
A sprain involves an injury to the ligament resulting from overstretching the ligament.

Disc Injury

The disc serves as a cushion and helps the spine move. Tearing of the outer portion of the disc can cause the material inside to be displaced out of the disc. The displaced material can pinch the nerves leaving the spine - causing pain.
The displaced disc is also known as a herniated disc.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome & Fibromyalgia

Myofascial Pain Syndrome is characterized by tender, taught bands of fibers within a muscle called trigger points. Trigger points are localized and refer pain. Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread muscle pain with tender points throughout the whole body. These tender points do NOT refer pain. Patients with Fibromyalgia often experience fatigue and poor quality of sleep.

Tendonitis / Tendonosis

Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendon that usually results from repetitive strain.
Tendonosis is a non-inflammatory disease of the tendon with breakdown of the collagen proteins within the tendon. This may also be a result of overuse or repetitive strain. This is often seen in chronic conditions.
Both conditions are painful, especially with movement.

Vernon Hills Chiropractic